Drying and curing cannabis are the last two things to do after a big chunk of all the work is officially complete. One of the biggest mistakes ever made in the cannabis industry is assuming the work is done as soon as the crop has been chopped down and harvested. How you dry and cure your freshly harvested cannabis plants does matter, so follow this complete guide if you're ...
Cannabis growing has a lot of moving parts, and it can get very scientific. New growers can often feel overwhelmed with an information overload; we have to remember, though, this is a weed after all and can grow anywhere. But, if we want a superior outcome, there are specific easy steps to make that happen.
Don’t worry; we are here to help and guide you along the way. We will break down everything you need to know into simple, easy-to-understand guides that will get you off to a productive start and produce that gassed-up fire!
The first step for every grower in Canada is to get an ACMPR License. With this license, you can grow up to 463 indoor plants or 193 outdoor plants. Of course, you can grow much less if you need to.
Once you have your license in hand, the first choice any new grower has to make is if they will grow cannabis indoors or outdoors, and usually will come down to personal circumstances, but it is often a choice amongst growers.
You will hear heated debates in the grow shop about which produces the better bud; the good old sun or an HPS grow light or LED in a basement.
Cleanliness is the most important factor to know and understand to have a sterile environment for growing cannabis. Bleach and hydrogen peroxide are best for cleaning your garden and it goes without saying, this is common sense, do not apply these two chemicals to the plants and don’t mix them when preparing the grow garden.
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Growing Cannabis Indoor
Indoor cannabis growing is beneficial as you can do it at any time of the year. You also have full control over environment what you put in it.
A dedicated area is required for marijuana plants. They won’t be mobile. The ideal space should be next to a window that allows you to vent the air from your grow space.
The smell of weed plants growing! You’ll need to redirect the air flow so that your house doesn’t smell like weed, especially when flowering begins.
Grow Room Lighting
A critical component for healthy cannabis growth is grow room lighting, natural light or artificial light.
You must make sure your indoor space is well-lit. Your plants can be confused by light leakage during dark periods. This could cause them to either produce male flowers, or revert back to their previous stage.
Do not keep lights on 24 hours a day, seven days a week. For flower, 12 on and 12 off is ideal. For vegetative, 18 on and six off or 20-21 on and 3-4 off, depending on yield requirements and environment.
- HID High-intesity Discharge
- MH Metal Halide
- HPS High Pressure Sodium
Grow Room Environment
Humidity and temperature work together. The ideal temperature for growing cannabis is 30°-34° Celsius, which is equal to 75°-86° Fahrenheit. Grow room environment is critical for healthy plants.
Cannabis plants prefer a temperature that is similar to humans or slightly warmer. Ideal soil temperature is 20° C, 68° F.
Ideal vegetative growth temperature is 29.4°C, 85°F. Ideal flowering temperature is 29.17°C, 84.5°F.
During different growth stages, the temperature must fluctuate and be in optimal range for respective growth stages.
The two most important stages where humidity must be controlled are vegetative and flowering stages. 42-59% humidity for flower and 61.5-69% for vegetative growth.
Indoor Growing Mediums
Cannabis growing medium requirements are soil, hydroponics, or aquaponics. Nutrients or fertilizers are used as food for growing.
With hydroponics, you have total control over the growing conditions and environment. The plants can grow very fast if using a hydroponic system conducive to growth requirements and expected yield.
Growing Cannabis Outdoor
Cannabis soil should be a light texture and loose to promote development of roots and optimal oxygen transfer to the roots. The ability for soil to drain is critical for fertilization of healthy plants and maximum yield.
A greenhouse can protect outdoor elements and bugs and allow you to extend the growing season.
While greenhouses can still harness the energy and light from the sun, they are more manageable and provide a stable crop, and some growers prefer to use a greenhouse.
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Cannabis Nutrients and Water
The choice to grow in soil or hydroponics will determine how much water to use and how often. Less than 30% of potting capacity is best practice for watering, and a good place to start.
If under-watering the plants, you will see the leaves become droopy. If over-watering the plants, you may see pooling of water in the pot and fungus from too much humidity.
Under-watering is less devastating to the plant than over-watering. A thirsty plant can recover quickly if watered appropriately. Too much water is difficult to fix. Check out our reverse osmosis guide for watering cannabis plants.
Drying, Trimming, Curing
It’s time for the plant to be cut down. This is usually done after 8-12 weeks. Indica strains finish in 8 weeks, while Sativas take between 10-12 weeks.
The flowers are then processed after the plant has been cut down. The flowers must be dried, trimmed, and cured.
Cannabis Growing Accessories
There are many accessories that you might not have known you needed until you used them in every grow room. These little accessories are essential for successful cannabis growth.
When harvest time rolls around, trimming marijuana is probably not on your mind. With your latest grow op is done, you're likely thinking it's time to sit back and relax with a massive joint of home-grown cannabis in hand. Yet there's still a big job ahead of you: trimming your buds. It's not rocket science, but trimming marijuana does come with its challenges. Deciding ...
Ever thought about hydroponic systems for cannabis and ditching the soil in your next indoor grow? Soilless growing, AKA hydroponics, is a more advanced concept since it's all about using a different kind of growing medium: water. Growing with water instead of soil has a lot of advantages, which is why many things are grown hydroponically these days - tomatoes, lettuce, ...
At some point most every grower faces a cannabis nutrient deficiency in their operation. Just like humans, marijuana plants require a certain combination of nutrients to survive and thrive. Plants are actually very good at communicating their needs by sending signs and signals to their growers. So when your crop isn't getting a healthy diet, you'll be able to ...
Even though it's just one aspect of running a grow op, choosing between lighting systems like T5 grow lights or another kind is an important step, and many growers argue that it's the most important. You should be thinking of your light system as the foundation of the entire operation, paving the way for fat buds when it comes time to harvest. Many growers think that the ...
Observing your plants' progress is an important step in any grow op, and when we say observing, we're not talking about giving them a quick once-over at the end of the day. To stay on top of plant health and overall quality, you really need to get in there with the best digital microscope. This is the easiest way to observe all aspects of your plants' progress. The ...
Even though it comes with tons of perks, growing weed indoors does have a few disadvantages to outdoor growing. The main one is that your plants aren’t exposed to natural sunlight, but this isn’t so much of a problem thanks to the best HPS grow lights. HPS lights, short for high pressure sodium, are capable of delivering the intense light that cannabis plants need to ...
There’s been a lot of debate on whether or not using an RO system is the best choice for watering your cannabis plants, so we’re here to set the record straight. Some growers say that there’s not much point in using water that has undergone reverse osmosis, but we disagree. Think of it as a way to start with a completely clean slate and know exactly what is contained ...
Rosin is the new kid on the block when it comes to cannabis concentrates. It’s been steadily gaining popularity for both recreational and medical use, and not just because of its extreme potency. The main reason that so many Canadian ACMPR growers are choosing to transform their bud into rosin is that the rosin extraction process is completely solventless. This means ...
If you’re like us and you’re all about making your medical grow op as easy as possible, you’ll love everything about indoor grow kits. The best grow kits include everything you’ll need to make your grow op a success - even simple pieces of equipment like pots and measuring tools. Complete grow kits typically include major equipment like a tent, lighting system, ...
No matter how amazing your grow room lights may be, your plants won’t be able to meet their full potential without the proper grow light reflectors. If you were to set up your grow room with no reflectors at all, your plants would lose out on a huge amount of light. And every ACMPR grower knows that wasting precious light is a big mistake. Luckily, there’s an easy way to ...
One of the most common mistakes among Canadian growers is forgetting the importance of grow room ventilation. So many growers simply add one or two fans to the setup and assume that’s all they need to do. Fans are great for circulating air, but they don’t do much in terms of ventilating. For that, you’ll need to invest in some sort of ventilation system kit for air ...
Growing indoors is the ultimate way to control climate and keep pesky critters from destroying your crop. But controlling indoor climate can be difficult without a high-quality grow tent for growing cannabis. If you have a small to medium-sized operation with your ACMPR license to grow, investing in an indoor grow tent can make all the difference. The question, though, ...
There are so many moving parts to a successful grow room that having the right tools is essential. One of the most essential pieces of equipment is a high-quality pH or PPM pen. If your plants are experiencing nutrient deficiencies, the reason could be that the pH is all wrong. Even if you’re pumping them full of nutrients, a pH that is too high or too low can stunt ...
Choosing the type of grow lights you use for your ACMPR grow op is a major decision. We can’t tell you which one to use, but we can tell you that LEDs have been steadily gaining popularity over the past decade or so (even though they’ve been around since the 60s). So why have they become so popular? First off, LEDs are a lot more affordable than they were in the ...
The internet is an amazing place to find any piece of information imaginable, including info on cannabis cultivation. But not all growers learn best by browsing the web… If you’re the type of person who gets more from flipping the pages of a book than you do from clicking through web pages, this post is for you. Here are our top choices of cannabis growing books for ...
One of the most difficult decisions for any ACMPR grower is deciding on the type of lights to use for an indoor grow op. LED, HPS, CMH, CFL… all of these letter combos can start to get confusing fast. We’re not going to sit here and tell you that CMH grow lights are the best in every way, but growing with CMH bulbs does come with some benefits. CMH, short for ...
Every grower knows that climate control is a major aspect of setting up the perfect grow op. Failing to control climate factors like temperature and humidity can lead to some major problems. We’re talking root rot, mold, over drying, and if things get really bad, the entire crop could be a dud. Luckily, you’re not on your own when it comes to controlling the climate of ...
Growing your own weed from home might seem like a cakewalk at first, but it doesn't come without challenges. Temperature issues, humidity problems, lack of nutrients, pH quandaries… these are all things that we've dealt with as medical growers. Getting from seed or clone to a successful indoor harvest takes knowledge. But the good news is that you don't have to solve grow ...